The framework of PBIS is a continuum of support from universal to individualized support. With universal school-wide management strategies in place, most students, 80-90%, function within the daily structure of school without major behavior concerns. Although some students require additional support, all students benefit from universal procedures and expectations that are clear and consistent and are efficiently used across all school settings, staff, and students. Some students, 5-15%, are at risk for behavior concerns. In order to meet the behavioral needs of these students, targeted or specialized group-based interventions are integrated within the school environment in addition to the universal procedures. There are also a few students, 1-7%, who exhibit chronic or severe behavior concerns that are unresponsive to universal and group based supports. These students need intense individual support beyond the universal and specialized support levels. When effective behavioral support is provided at all levels across school-wide, non-classroom, classroom, and individual student systems, comprehensive support is established while providing proactive procedures for preventing serious problem behaviors.
- Tertiary Prevention. Specialized, individual support for students with high-risk behavior
- Secondary Prevention. Specialized group systems for students with at-risk behavior
- Primary Prevention. School-wide and classroom systems for ALL students, staff and settings